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By Debbie Gregory.

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Every small business wants to minimize their taxes and maximize their deductions. However, many small business owners miss out on a tax code that can benefit them, U.S. Tax Code Section 179.

 

According to a recent survey conducted by the National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB), Section 179 has helped small business growth and prosper:

  • 35% of current small business owners are unaware that they could be eligible for a deduction under Section 179.
  • 78% of small businesses used Section 179 to offset their tax expenses last year.
  • 82% of small businesses purchased equipment or software last year (cars, trucks, office furniture, machinery, etc.).
  • The top three purchases made were computers (51%), vehicles (44%) and office furniture (31%).
  • 75% made qualifying purchases of less than $50,000.

 

What is Section 179?

Section 179 refers to property depreciation deductions a business can claim. It does not increase your overall deduction but it can give you the option to take the deduction more quickly. In other words, you can declare the entire deduction in a single year instead of spreading it over many years.

 

An asset’s useful life depreciation deduction can be stretched out to a maximum of 39 years but most are taken over a 5 year period. Under Section 179, you can deduct the entire expense in the first year.

 

This can be especially helpful if the company needs the asset to grow and the item purchased was quite expensive up front. The tax impact can help ease the burden and help the company grow. Currently, the deduction is limited to $1 million and a total investment limit of $2.5 million.

 

How Can This Help Your Business?

Section 179 can be used for most tangible assets purchased to run your business. This tax break is intended to make it more affordable for small businesses to buy expensive equipment including:

  • Machinery
  • Computers
  • Computer software
  • Other business equipment
  • Company vehicles
  • Office furniture
  • Capital investments
  • Property
  • And more

While a business has always been able to deduct expenses of this nature, they could only deduct a portion of the asset’s value every year. With Section 179 the full value can be deducted in the same year that the purchase was made.

 

Where Can I Obtain More Information About Section 179?

If you have any questions about Section 179, visit the official Section 179 informational website at http://www.section179.org/. If you are looking to learn about other potential tax breaks for you or your business, you can always visit the IRS’ website at https://www.irs.gov/ to learn more.

 

Our Advice

The US tax rules are constantly changing, it is always best to pay attention to taxes all year long and not only at tax time.  Keep alert for changes in tax laws and always consult a professional for help.

 

Disclaimer

We are not tax professionals and we strongly recommend that before you take any actions, that you consult your own licensed tax professional. It is always best to seek professional assistance if you have questions about taxes or their s on your specific business. Working with a professional also provides you better opportunities to find and take advantage of legitimate tax breaks and opportunities to lower the amount of taxes that you pay.

 

By Debbie Gregory.

LinkedIN Debbie Gregory VAMBOA VAMBOA Facebook VAMBOA Twitter

 

 

In the first part of this article, we discussed smart tax deductions, carryover deductions, changing your business structure, keeping a close eye on your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), as well as tax-free ways to get money out of your business.

 

This second part will covert five more ways to lower your business taxes including abandoning rather than selling property, accountable plans for your employees, fringe benefits, retirement plans, and smart year-end tax planning.

 

More Ways to Lower Your Taxes:

 

6.) Abandon Property Instead of Selling It:

If you own a property that has no value to the business, you may wish to consider abandoning it rather than selling it for a nominal amount. Doing so could allow your business to take a loss on the property, that is fully deductible, rather than treating the loss as a capital loss, which is subject to limitations.

 

7.) Use Accountable Plans:

Accountable Plans allow you to reimburse your employees for such items as travel, entertainment, tools, or other costs and then deduct the expenses but not report the reimbursements as income to employees. This can potentially save your company money in employment taxes which will overall lower your business taxable income..

 

8.) Take Advantage of Fringe Benefits:

Paying employees more will increase your costs your business employment tax. However, if the business pays for certain fringe benefits for employees, these taxes can be avoided, which reduces your overall taxable income.

 

These types of tax-exempt benefits include:

  • Educational assistance
  • Transportation benefits
  • Meals provided for employee convenience
  • Health benefits
  • Long-term care insurance
  • Group term life insurance
  • Disability insurance
  • Dependent care assistance

 

9.) Shelter Profits in Retirement Plans:

A 401(k) or a similar tax-deferred retirement plan is easy to setup, you don’t pay taxes on the contributions, and the savings grow on a tax-deferred basis. These types of plans not only allow you to save money on taxes, they help incentivize your employees, and it also shifts most or all of the cost of savings to the employees while giving them choice and flexibility in planning for retirement, instead of a defined benefit pension plan where more of the burdens are on the employer. Employer contributions to an employee retirement plan are also tax deductible and you may qualify for a tax credit for setting up your employee retirement plan in the first place.

 

10.) Smart Year-End Tax Planning:

Planning for your taxes should be a year-round activity for a business. You can achieve dramatic savings by taking certain actions towards the end of the year including:

  • Delaying billing for work done late in the year so that payment will be received in the following year
  • Purchase fixed assets and claim a portion of depreciation immediately
  • Revalue the assets that are already listed on your books for their depreciation value
  • If you have a customer who is not paying, you might be able to write this off as an uncollected debt, also known as a Bad Debt Deduction
  • Make sure to have your taxes filed and submitted on time

 

DISCLAIMER: We have done a lot of research on all of the ways covered in this two part series to bring to your attention that may save taxes for your small business, but we are not professionals.  We strongly recommend that before you take any actions, that you consult your own licensed tax professional. It is always best to seek professional assistance if you have questions about taxes or their implication on your specific business. Working with a professional also provides you better opportunities to find and take advantage of legitimate tax breaks and opportunities to lower the amount of taxes that you pay.

 

 

By Debbie Gregory.

LinkedIN Debbie Gregory VAMBOA VAMBOA Facebook VAMBOA Twitter

 

Every year tax season comes around filled with the same major questions including:

  • How much will I have to pay?
  • Why do I have to pay so much?
  • How can I reduce my tax liability?

 

No one wants to pay one dollar more in taxes than necessary.  Finding legitimate ways to lower your taxable income is something that is very important to your business. A lot of business owners end up paying more than they should due to the simple fact that they missed out on certain deductions. However, if you consider that the U.S. tax code is approximately 70,000 pages long, it’s understandable why small business owners have challenges.

 

Ways to Save Paying Taxes for Small Businesses:

 

1.) Make Smarter Tax Deduction Choices:

Being strategic about your business expenditures can help lower your taxable income. For example, an established company purchasing a large dollar piece of equipment can deduct the entire cost of acquiring the machinery or equipment. However, a start-up would be better off spreading out the value of the purchases across your future tax years instead of deducting the full purchase price all at once.

 

Other deductions to consider:

  • Vehicle expenses (based on actual costs)
  • The IRS mileage allowance(currently 58 cents per mile)
  • Home office expenses (based on actual costs), or you can use the IRS simplified rate (which is currently $5.00 per square foot up to 300 square feet of space)
  • Claiming disaster losses on prior year returns rather than on the return for the year in which the disaster occurs
  • Your business insurance expenses

 

2.) Carryover Deductions:

Certain deductions and credits have limitations that can prevent you from using them fully in the current year, but carryover the remaining amount to future years. Keep track of any carryovers so that you won’t forget to use them in future years.

 

Examples of these include:

  • Net operating losses (limited to 80% of taxable income)
  • Home office deduction
  • General business credits
  • Capital losses
  • Charitable contribution deductions

 

3.) Change your Business Structure:

If you are currently doing business as a sole proprietor or partnership, it may be time to look at a new business structure. Many small businesses choose to do business as an LLC (Limited Liability Company), or a “pass-through entity”, since it may offer more flexibility on how income can be taxed.

 

4.) Adjusted Gross Income (AGI):

A number of tax breaks, limitations, and additional taxes are based off of the Adjusted Gross Income (AGI), or the Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI), which for some is the same as the AGI. Keep a close eye on taxes taken out of the income, some may not be relevant to your business at all.

 

5.) Use Tax-Free Ways to Extract Income from Your Business:

Items such as your salary, bonuses, and any distributions of business profits are taxable.   There are other ways that may allow you to possibly benefit from your business’s success without necessarily triggering tax liability.

 

Items such as:

  • Tax-free fringe benefits, including items such items as medical coverage or retirement plans
  • Loans made to you by the business on a no or low-interest basis

 

Please stay tuned for Part 2 of this series with five more ways for small businesses to reduce or save on taxes.

Tax Credits to Check with Your Accountant

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By Debbie Gregory.

LinkedIN Debbie Gregory VAMBOA VAMBOA Facebook VAMBOA Twitter

 

Now is the time to take advantage of a few tax breaks that expire as the decade comes to an end.   You will need to check with your financial advisor.   Below are three use-it-or-lose-it opportunities for tax breaks that might make sense for you and your company.

 

  • Paid Family and Medical Leave Tax Credit:

Employers with 50 or more employees are required by law (the Family and Medical Leave Act) to provide up to 12-weeks of time off for certain family matters. There is no law that says those weeks must be paid time off. If your company offers that time off paid, and that policy is in writing, you may be eligible for a federal tax credit so check with your accountant and determine if you are eligible to file. The amount of the credit, which is figured on IRS Form 8994, is a minimum of 12.5% of the paid leave amount up to a maximum of 25%.

 

  • Tax Credit for Electric Powered Vehicle:

This credit applies to plug-in electric vehicles and is calculated on IRS Form 8936. If the vehicle is purchased for business use, the tax credit is then part of the general business credit. This credit was designed to encourage people to purchase and use electric powered, clean-fuel, vehicles. The credit amount can be a maximum of $7,500. Certain vehicle manufacturer restrictions apply.

 

  • Work Opportunity Tax Credit:

This credit is a federal tax incentive to hire a person who falls within a targeted group (as defined by the tax law). This incentive only applies to people who fall within one of the 10 eligible groups (listed below with a link to the IRS site about it) and who begins work before January 1, 2020. The credit can range from $2,400 to $9,600 per hire.   The Work Opportunity Tax Credit is usually renewed each year.

 

The targeted groups are as follows:

  • Summer youth employees
  • Recipient of SNAP benefits (food stamps)
  • SSI recipient
  • Member of a family receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
  • Qualified Veteran (there are 5 subcategories)
  • Qualified ex-felon
  • Designed community resident
  • Vocational rehabilitation referral
  • Long-term family assistance recipient
  • Long-term unemployed

 

In order to take advantage of this tax credit you will need to prove the employee falls within a targeted group and submit IRS Form 8850 to the state workforce agency within 28 days of the first day of that person’s employment with you. The basic credit for this is 40% of first year wages up to $6,000 (for a top credit of $2,400), as long as the employee works at least 400 hours. However, the credit for a veteran with a service-connected disability, who is employed for at least 6 months, is 40% of their wages up to $24,000 (for a top credit of $9,600). Not only is it the right thing to hire Veterans who make outstanding employees, but it makes financial sense.

 

If any of these three tax incentives are applicable for your business, jump on them now and discuss with your financial professional.

 

Ten States & Their Tax Information for Small Businesses

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By Debbie Gregory.

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All businesses pay taxes, there is not any way of getting around it.   However, depending on where you start and operate your business, you may be able to minimize the amount of taxes that you pay. We aren’t just talking about income or property taxes either. Certain taxes are higher than others and each state has its own tax rate for each item taxed.   Taxes such as property, sales, excise, unemployment insurance, franchise, and income taxes for both the business and your personal income vary depending on where you live and run your small business.

 

What are the best states in the nation to start a business and minimize your overall taxes?

  • Alaska: Alaska has no sales tax and no personal income tax. It does have particularly high excise taxes as well as some of the highest property taxes nationwide.
  • Florida: Florida has no personal income tax, but their sales tax is 6% and is higher and lower than other states. Florida excise tax is also quite high.
  • Ohio: Ohio is one of the six states that does not have corporate taxes.  However, Ohio is the seventh highest personal taxes in the country.  The sales tax rate in Ohio is 5.75%
  • Nevada: Nevada has no corporate income tax and no personal income tax. Property taxes are also fairly low. However, they the sales tax rate in Nevada is on the high side at 6.85%.
  • New Hampshire: There is not an income tax and the sales tax is zero and cities and municipalities do not have a sales tax.  There is an 8.5% tax assessed on income from conducting business within the state of New Hampshire.
  • South Dakota: South Dakota has no corporate income tax and no personal income tax. Their sales tax is quite low at 4.5%. However, the franchise tax rate in South Dakota is high.
  • Tennessee: There is no state income tax but Tennessee has one of the highest sales taxes at 7% and cities and counties can add as much as another 2.75%.  Tennessee’s excise tax, which effectively is an income tax, is a flat 6.5% tax on net earnings from doing business in the state.
  • Texas: Texas does not have a state income tax, but the sales tax rate is 6.25% and localities can also add their own sales tax rate, so it is as high as 8.25%.  Texas does not have corporate taxes.
  • Washington: Washington is one of the states without state income tax.  However, the sales tax rate is 6.5% and depending on local municipalities, the total sales tax can be as high as 10.4%.  There is also a business and occupation tax (B&O).
  • Wyoming: Wyoming has no corporate income tax and no personal income tax. Their sales tax is one of the lowest in the entire nation at 4%. However, their property taxes are quite high.

 

VAMBOA hopes this state tax information is valuable to you and your business.

 

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